Who Will Lament Her?: The Feminine and the Fantastic in the Book of Nahum (Library Hebrew Bible/Old Testament Studies)

By Laurel Lanner

It isn't a surprise that non-academic bible readers mostly forget about Nahum. Comprising just a couple of pages, it truly is simply ignored in the middle of the twelve Minor Prophets. whilst a reader does cease in passing, the publication seems to be short, brutish, and uncomfortably violent. taking a look extra heavily, although, readers may possibly detect echoes of alternative a lot higher prophets, comparable to Isaiah and Ezekiel, even perhaps of the Psalms, and finish that the e-book is a slightly second-rate pastiche of alternative writings, even if a few fairly remarkable poetry is woven into it. Who Will Lament Her? takes a clean examine Nahum. It explores additional the presence of the female within the publication of Nahum, the level to which it's found in the textual content, how the constitution of the textual content makes the female either current and absent, and the potential the reason why this is often so. Lanner takes methodological techniques. the 1st units out to teach that it's attainable female deity is found in the textual content of Nahum. the second one method engages 3 theories of the literary tremendous with the textual content, bearing in mind the findings of the old and exegetical paintings. utilizing those ways hand in hand ends up in a clean analyzing of Nahum. >

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Parpola, Assyrian Prophecies, xxix. 2. The spiritual and Political Extra-text ofNahum experiences forty three Lion imagery, gender switching, the ability of female sexual allure, shut connection among the female and the town, a female determine enthusiastic about conflict or even the opportunity of the king as a wife of the goddess are all found in the publication ofNahum. 2. 1. 2. Asherah and As tarte a lot has been written at the nature of the goddess Asherah and the gadgets which may be hooked up along with her. a lot has additionally been written in regards to the nature of her dating with different deities and upon the character and relationships of these different deities themselves. the next fabric is in no way meant to be exhaustive, yet particularly is meant to provide a short photo of feedback which were made referring to those deities, with the aim of indicating many of the percentages and tensions which could have impacted upon the textual content ofNahum. Astarte (Ashtaroth) was once the Levantine goddess so heavily linked to Baal that she used to be even often called "Astarte-name-of-Baal. "36 Like Ishtar, she used to be a goddess of conflict and linked to the morning celebrity and was once additionally a goddess of affection, intercourse and fertility. Astarte was once the manager goddess of Tyre and Sidon, and used to be worshipped through the Phoenician global and in addition in Egypt. The international nature of the goddess is made transparent in many of the references to her within the Hebrew Bible;37 whereas she can have had a few neighborhood impact she used to be in actual fact an import. Asherah, even though, seems to be indigenous to Israel/Judah. In Ugaritic texts, Asherah (as Athirat) turns out to were linked in quite a few relationships with a few assorted gods, even supposing essentially with El as consort. 38 Asherah's basic organization appears to be like with the reassurance of fertility, either one of people and the flora and fauna typically. She (or her likeness) are available in resources originating from empires as various in time and position because the Akkadian, Egyptian and Hittite Empires. 39 36. John Day, "Ashtoreth," ABD 1:491-94 (492). 37. Judg2:13; 10:6; 1 Sam 7:3-4; 12:10; 31:10; 1 Kgs 11:5, 33; 2 Kgs 23:13. 38. For targeted dialogue of the suitable texts, see T. Singer, Asherah: Goddesses in Ugarit, Israel and the previous testomony (JSOTSup 232; CIS 2; Sheffield: Sheffield educational Press, 1997), 42—93. notwithstanding, Binger's strategy is to examine the goddess in Ugarit, Israel and the outdated testomony and she or he concludes there's no facts to signify that they're one and an identical goddess, quite by way of their functionality (pp. 147-48). this can be contra John Day, Yahweh and the Gods and Goddesses of Canaan (JSNTSup 265; Sheffield: Sheffield educational Press, 2000), 47-48. 39. See John Day, "Asherah," ABD 1:483-87. curiously Kyle McCarter notes that there's no facts of the Canaanite goddess in Phoenician or Punic texts from the Iron Age. See McCarter, "Aspects of the Religion," one hundred forty four. See additionally Mark S. Smith, 44 " Who Will Lament Her? " there's a few confusion among the names of Asherah and Astarte, not just as published through the adaptation in LXX and MT translations of the names,40 but in addition in conflated different types of the goddesses' names present in Ras Shamra and Egypt.

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