They Say / I Say: The Moves that Matter in Persuasive Writing by Graff, Gerald, Birkenstein, Cathy published by W. W. Norton & Company (2007)

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Extra resources for They Say / I Say: The Moves that Matter in Persuasive Writing by Graff, Gerald, Birkenstein, Cathy published by W. W. Norton & Company (2007)

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As the that means of a citation is clear to them, many writers think that this that means can be visible to their readers, while frequently it isn't. Writers who make this error imagine that their task is completed while they’ve selected a citation and inserted it into their textual content. They draft an essay, slap in a couple of quotations, and whammo, they’re performed. Such writers fail to spot that quoting capability greater than easily enclosing what “they say” in citation marks. In a manner, quotations are orphans: phrases which were taken from their unique contexts and that must be built-in into their new textual atmosphere. This bankruptcy deals key how you can produce this type of integration: (1) via picking quotations correctly, with a watch to how good they help a specific a part of your textual content, and (2) by means of surrounding each significant citation with a body explaining whose phrases they're, what the citation capability, and the way the citation pertains to your textual content. the purpose we wish to emphasize is that quoting what “they say” should always be hooked up with what you assert. QUOTE proper PASSAGES earlier than you could decide upon acceptable quotations, you must have a feeling of what you need to do with them—that is, how they'll aid your textual content on the specific aspect the place you insert them. be cautious to not decide on quotations only for the sake of demonstrating that you’ve learn the author’s paintings; you must determine they're suitable in your paintings. even if, discovering appropriate quotations isn't really continually effortless. in truth, occasionally quotations that have been at the beginning proper in your total argument, or to a key aspect in it, turn into much less in order your textual content alterations in the course of the technique of writing and revising. Given the evolving and messy nature of writing, you'll occasionally imagine that you’ve chanced on the ideal citation to help your argument, purely to find afterward, as your textual content develops, that your concentration has replaced and the citation now not works. it may be a bit deceptive, then, to talk of discovering your thesis and discovering proper quotations as separate steps, one coming after the opposite. while you’re deeply engaged within the writing and revising procedure, there's often loads of back-and-forth among your argument and any quotations you choose. body each citation discovering appropriate quotations is just a part of your task; you furthermore mght have to current them in a fashion that makes their relevance and that means transparent in your readers. considering that quotations don't communicate for themselves, you must construct a body round them during which you do this conversing for them. Quotations which are inserted right into a textual content with no this sort of body are often referred to as “dangling” quotations for a way they’re left dangling with none rationalization. One graduate instructing assistant we paintings with, Steve Benton, calls those “hit-andrun” quotations, likening them to vehicle injuries within which the motive force speeds away and avoids taking accountability for the dent on your fender or the smashed tail lamps (as in determine 4). at the following web page is a standard hit-and-run citation through a author responding to an essay by means of the feminist thinker Susan Bordo (reprinted at the Empire of pictures in Our global of Bodies).

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