The Hellenistic Settlements in Syria, the Red Sea Basin, and North Africa

By Getzel M. Cohen

This authoritative and sweeping compendium, the second one quantity in Getzel Cohen's equipped survey of the Greek settlements based or refounded within the Hellenistic interval, offers old narratives, exact references, citations, and commentaries on all of the settlements in Syria, The pink Sea Basin, and North Africa from 331 to 31 BCE. geared up geographically, the quantity pulls jointly discoveries and debates from dozens of commonly scattered archaeological and epigraphic tasks. Cohen's magisterial breadth of concentration permits him to supply greater than a compilation of knowledge; the amount additionally contributes to ongoing questions and may aspect the best way towards new avenues of inquiry.

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G. Plaumann, Archiv 6 (1920) 176–83; P. Tebt. II 566. a hundred and forty four. I. Fayoum 19: JHrakleivdhˇ ejpistavthˇ kai; oiJ ejg Dionusiavdoˇ, Filwterivdoˇ, Kanwpiavdoˇ. it's not most likely that the commitment used to be made together through the villages as company entities. If, actually, every one village had officially voted a decree in desire of this commitment we might anticipate each one village to have arrange its personal decree. Cf. , for instance, the decree of Antioch in Persis spotting the competition of Artemis Leukophryene at Magnesia at the Maeander (OGIS 233); on the finish of the decree we learn variety of different towns had handed similar—but separate—resolutions. now not unusually, the towns didn't go a joint answer. one hundred forty five. I. Fayoum 10, 80/79–69/8 b. c. 146. Recherches, 1079–80. sixty four hellenistic settlements nally appointed and ordinarily Egyptians, have been primarily brokers whose functionality used to be to enforce directives despatched down from above. 147 it's going to no longer be remarkable, for this reason, that virtually all the surviving inscriptions from the Fayum checklist both funerary monuments or dedications that have been made through participants or institutions. In any occasion, there's no extant inscription from the Hellenistic Fayum that documents the official acta of a village/town council, meeting, or board of magistrates. 148 in fact those have been villages, and— oftentimes—small ones at that. Estimates of the grownup inhabitants within the 3rd century b. c. for Fayum villages within the Themistos department variety from 60 and 70 (Isieion Aigialou and Ankonos) to 1,150 and 1,160 (Dionysias and Philoteris). 149 As an ordinary figure, D. Rathbone has anticipated a inhabitants of 1,000 consistent with village for the 3rd century b. c. nevertheless, it's not most likely that the settlements of Macedonians in second-century b. c. Lydia have been a lot higher than a few of these Fayum villages. And, as we've seen, the Macedonians in these settlements sometimes joined jointly to vote dedications. The Egyptian Context of the Fayum Settlements in fact, the papyri and archaeology supply wide-ranging symptoms of the presence of Greeks and Macedonians in Fayum villages. while, the to be had proof additionally exhibits (a) a wide a part of the inhabitants of a number of the villages used to be Egyptian, (b) some of the village officials have been Egyptians, (c) Egyptian deities have been worshipped, (d) letters have been more and more dated via connection with Egyptian, instead of Macedonian, month names. There are, moreover, different symptoms of the Egyptian context. for instance, it really is generally—and correctly—believed that the version for many of the Hellenistic settlements in Asia used to be Alexander. after all the paradigm that Alexander drew on for his colonization application owed way more to the center japanese (i. e. , Assyrian/Babylonian/Persian) version than to Greek precedents. a hundred and fifty a similar surely holds precise for Egypt. There the Ptolemies used a procedure of granting land to squaddies in go back for army carrier. definitely the granting of land in go back for army provider or legal responsibility is to be present in Greece and Macedonia.

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