The Encyclopaedia of Judaism, Volume 2 (2nd Edition)

This re-creation of the prize-winning Encyclopaedia of Judaism is sort of double the scale of the unique three-volume variation. It positive aspects fifty two new entries and comprises the 2 individually released supplementary volumes and bibliographic updates.
This moment variation bargains an authoritative, complete, and systematic presentation of the present country of scholarship on basic problems with Judaism, either previous and current. whereas heavy emphasis is put on the classical literature of Judaism and its background, this version additionally contains vital entries on circumcision, genetic engineering, homosexuality, intermarriage in American Judaism, and different acutely modern issues.

Articles are written in essay shape, and lots of are illustrated for additional emphasis. the flowery index enables prepared entry to major humans, areas, and different actual details. This beneficial reference paintings is written for an viewers from all backgrounds, students and normal readers alike.

‘The Encyclopaedia of Judaism is a vital source for these attracted to studying extra approximately Jewish life.’
Dr. Alfred Gottschalk, President of the Museum of Jewish history, ny, 2001

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343, to Deut. 33:2: “This indicates that the phrases of Torah are likened to fire. . . . simply as fire lives ceaselessly, so do the phrases of Torah stay without end. simply as fire scorches him who attracts close to it, whereas he who's far-off from it truly is chilled, so is it with phrases of Torah: if one occupies himself with them, they offer him lifestyles, but when he departs from them, they reason him loss of life. ” Sifre Deut. forty eight, a Deut. 11:22: “Words of Torah are likened to water: simply as water endures perpetually, so do phrases of Torah reside ceaselessly, because it is related, ‘For they're lifestyles unto those who find them’ (Prov. 4:22). simply as water cleanses the unclean in their uncleannesses, so do phrases of Torah cleanse the unclean from their uncleannesses. . . . simply as water restores a man’s soul, because it is expounded, ‘As chilly waters to a faint soul’ (Prov. 25:25), so do phrases of Torah fix a man’s soul, because it is expounded: ‘The legislation of the Lord is ideal, restoring the soul’ (Ps. 19:8). . . . ” gospels, oral traditions of the mishnah in Mekhilta to Exod. 15:22: “ ‘And discovered no water’ . . . The allegorists say: they didn't find phrases of Torah that are likened to water. And whence can we comprehend that the phrases of the Torah are likened to water? I is related, ‘Ho, each that thirsteth, come ye for water’ (Is. 55:1). ” Is. 55:1 is the textual content evoked by means of the declare of Jesus: “Let someone who's thirsty come to me, and allow the person who believes in me drink” ( John 7:37–38). In Targum Is. 55:1 thirst is interpreted because the wish to hearken to and research the Torah: “Ho, each who needs to profit, allow him come and examine, and he who has no funds, come, listen and examine! Come, listen and study, with no fee and never with mammon, instructing that's higher than wine and milk” (English translation by means of B. D. Chilton). 6 Torah is the Manna/Jesus is the Bread Come Down from Heaven In John 6, Jesus offers himself because the bread from heaven, the bread of existence, towards the manna eaten within the wilderness by means of the Jews; them all, however, died: “For the bread of God is that which comes down from heaven and provides existence to the area” (v. 33), “I am the bread of lifestyles. Whoever involves me seriously isn't hungry” (v. 35), “I am the bread of existence. Your ancestors ate the manna within the wasteland, and so they died. this is often the bread that comes down from heaven, in order that one may perhaps consume of it and never die. i'm the dwelling bread that got here down from heaven. Whoever eats of this bread will stay perpetually; and the bread that i'll supply for the lifetime of the realm is my flesh” (vv. 48–51). The Rabbinic literature additionally affiliates manna with Torah, the notice of God, and the resource for the lifetime of Israel. the most significant texts is Exod. 16:32–33, which states: “Let an omer of it's stored all through your generations, so that they may even see the foodstuff with which I fed you within the barren region, while I introduced you out of the land of Egypt. And Moses stated to Aaron, ‘Take a jar, and positioned an omer of manna in it, and position it sooner than the Lord, to be saved all through your generations. ” The observation via Midrash Mekhilta affiliates the content material of the jar with the observance of the Torah: Mekhilta to Exod.

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