The Decolonization of International Law: State Succession and the Law of Treaties (Oxford Monographs in International Law)

The problem of kingdom succession remains to be an essential and intricate point of interest for public foreign legal professionals, but it has remained unusually immune to potent articulation. The formative interval during this recognize was once that of decolonization which marked for lots of the time whilst overseas legislations 'came of age' and whilst the guarantees of the UN constitution will be learned in a world group of sovereign peoples. through the Nineteen Nineties a sequence of territorial changes put succession once more on the centre of overseas felony perform, in new contexts that went past the normal version of decolonization: the disintegration of the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia, and Czechoslovakia, and the unifications of Germany and Yemen delivered to gentle the essentially unresolved personality of concerns in the legislations of succession.

Why have makes an attempt to codify the perform of succession met with so little good fortune? Why has succession remained so complicated a characteristic of foreign legislations? This booklet argues that the solutions to those questions lie within the political backdrop of decolonization and self-determination, and that the tensions and ambiguities that run in the course of the legislations of succession can purely be understood through taking a look at the connection among discourses on nation succession, decolonization, and imperialism in the framework of overseas law.

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173) See less than, pp 86–7. (174) Schmitt, above, n a hundred forty five , p 198. severe Diagnostics (175) ibid , pp 198–9. (176) For an exploration of the connection among positivism and colonization see Anghie, above, n sixty five . (177) Feilchenfeld, above, n ninety two , p 321. (178) West Rand Gold Mining Co v The Queen [1905] 2 KB 391. (179) O'Connell, above, n ninety two , I, p 17. (180) Anglo-American Pecuniary Claims Arbitration, five BYIL (1924) 210. (181) declare no eighty four, Nov 10, 1925, in 20 AJIL (1926) 381. (182) Founding editor of the British Yearbook of overseas legislations, criminal Adviser to the overseas workplace and decide at the everlasting courtroom of foreign Justice. (183) C Hurst, ‘State Succession in concerns of Tort’, five BYIL (1924) 163, p 173. (184) ibid , 178. (185) ibid . (186) ibid . (187) ibid . (188) Above, n a hundred and eighty , p 219. (189) next situations contain: Forests of vital Rhodopia Case (1933) three RIAA 1407; Secretary of nation for India v Sardar Rustam Khan 10 advert (1941–42) no 21; Hoani Te Heuheu Tukino v Aoeta District Maori Land Board [1941] AC 308; Raj Rajinder Chand v Mst Sukhi 24 ILR (1957), p seventy four; Dalmia Dadri Cement Co Ltd v Commissioner of source of revenue Tax 26 ILR (1958) II, p seventy nine; Thailendrakishoredas v kingdom of Madhya Pradesh 27 ILR (1958) 30; Indulkar v kingdom of Bombay 27 ILR (1958) 32; nation of Saurashtra v Memon Haji Ismail Haji Valimohammed 31 ILR (1959) thirteen. For a serious overview of the doctrine in India see, S Agarwala, ‘The doctrine of Act of country and the legislations of kingdom Succession in India’, 12 ICLQ (1963) 1399. (190) [1899] AC 572. severe Diagnostics (191) mentioning US v Percheman (1833) 7 Peters fifty one, p 86; Strother v Lucas (1838) 12 Peters 410, 435, 438; Smith v usa (1836) 10 Peters 326, 330; usa v Auguisola (1863) 1 Wallace 352, 358. (192) [1899] AC 572, 577. (193) Westlake, above, n 113 , p 398. (194) record of the Transvaal Concessions fee, Parliamentary Papers, South Africa (1901) Cmd 623, p 7. (195) R v Keyn (1876) 2 Ex Div sixty three. (196) It left open the next threat of enforcement of got rights in circumstances of ‘ceded territory’. See Amodo Tijani v Secretary, Southern Nigeria, [1921] 2 AC 399, p 407 according to Lord Haldane (‘A mere switch in sovereignty isn't to be presumed as intended to disturb the rights of personal proprietors; and the overall phrases of a cession are prima facie to be construed consequently. ’). (197) Above, n 192 , p 574 . (198) Re Southern Rhodesia [1919] AC 211. (199) ibid , 233. (200) ibid , 234. (201) Having concluded that ‘further inquiry into the character of the local rights was once unnecessary’, the Judicial Committee endured to argue the choices ( ibid ): ‘If they weren't within the nature of non-public rights, they have been on the disposal of the Crown while Lobengula fled and his dominions have been conquered; in the event that they have been, any genuine disposition of them via the Crown upon a conquest, even if instantly in 1894 or 4 years later, may suffice to extinguish them as manifesting an goal expressly to workout the correct to do so’. (202) Brierly argues in 1924, for instance, that the rules of foreign legislation ‘cannot be deduced from what they're so looked a century in the past, and nonetheless much less from any pseudo-metaphysical notions of what the basic characteristics of Statehood should be’.

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