Studies in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity (Arbeiten zur Geschichte des antiken Judentums und des Urchristentums, Volume 87)

By Pieter W. van der Horst

Over the last forty five years Professor Pieter W. van der Horst contributed widely to the research of historic Judaism and early Christianity. The 24 papers during this quantity, written due to the fact that his early retirement in 2006, disguise quite a lot of subject matters, them all about the non secular international of Judaism and Christianity within the Hellenistic, Roman, and early Byzantine period. They replicate his learn pursuits in Jewish epigraphy, Jewish interpretation of the Bible, Jewish prayer tradition, the diaspora in Asia Minor, exegetical difficulties within the writings of Philo and Josephus, Samaritan historical past, texts from old Christianity that have obtained little recognition (the poems of Cyrus of Panopolis, the Doctrina Jacobi nuper baptizati, the Letter of Mara bar Sarapion), and miscellanea reminiscent of the pagan delusion of Jewish cannibalism, the that means of the Greek expression ‘without God,’ the spiritual value of sneezing in pagan antiquity, and the diversity of news approximately pious long-sleepers within the old global (pagan, Jewish, Christian).

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M. Strubbe, “Curses opposed to Violations of the Grave in Jewish Epitaphs from Asia Minor,” in J. W. van Henten & P. W. van der Horst (eds. ), reports in Early Jewish Epigraphy, Leiden: Brill, 1994, 70–128. See P. W. van der Horst, historical Jewish Epitaphs. An Introductory Survey of a Millennium of Jewish Funerary Epigraphy (300 BCE–700 CE), Kampen: Kok Pharos, 1991, 56–57. Judaism in Asia Minor 149 IJO II 179 from Apamea, it really is considerably stated that each time someone dares to bury the following another individual, “he is familiar with the legislations of the Jews! ” This formula (“the legislation of the Jews”) turns out to point yes wisdom of the Torah, even if partial and superficial, is presupposed right here one of the non-Jews of the area. 22 This advice is extra proven via proof of rather a special nature yet from a similar position, particularly the curious Noah cash from Apamea. during this urban, cash have been chanced on from the 1st half the 3rd century CE on which Noah and his spouse are depicted including the ark (and the identify Nôe added). In a few old assets town of Apamea is additionally known as Kibôtos (= ark). 23 (In the Septuagint, kibôtos is used for Noah’s ark. ) There circulated a legend that Noah’s ark had landed on a hill within the neighbourhood of town. is that this a case of Jewish impact? The cash have been struck via the pagan professionals of town, so the legend used to be believed besides outdoor Jewish circles. And the truth that as early because the first century BCE the Greek geographer Strabo says that Apamea was once also referred to as Kibôtos (Geogr. 12. eight. 13)24 would appear to be an explanation that this legend was once now not brought into Phrygia merely through the Christians. yet doubts in regards to the Jewish foundation of the legend come up while one sees that on a few prior cash of the town, from the time of Hadrian, the plural kibôtoi is used and that 5 chests are depicted on them. That turns out to point that this nickname of town had a non-Jewish beginning and that merely in a later degree this sobriquet gave the Jewish population the get together to localize the touchdown of Noah’s ark there. notwithstanding doubtful a lot of this is still, it's yes biblical scene used to be depicted at the city’s cash and that this can be a transparent case of Jewish impression upon a non-Jewish inhabitants. one other impressive instance of shut contacts among Jews and non-Jews is the lately found inscription from Aphrodisias in Caria on an immense marble block or pillar of virtually 3 meters excessive and a few forty five centimeters vast, inscribed on facets with an extended Greek inscription of 86 strains (IJO II 14). 25 It most likely – yet now not definitely – dates from the past due fourth or 5th 22 23 24 25 See Trebilco, Jewish groups, a hundred. Cf. an inscription from Catania on Sicily: adiuro vos in line with legem quem Dominus dedit Iudaeis (JIWE I, no. 145). See for references Schürer, historical past, III, 28–30; Trebilco, Jewish groups, 86–95. within the sixties of the 1st century CE, Plinius Maior says an analogous (Nat. Hist. five. 29. 106). J. Reynolds & R. Tannenbaum, Jews and Godfearers at Aphrodisias Cambridge: Cambridge Philological Society, 1987; on its relevance P.

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