History of the Yiddish Language, Volume 2

By Max Weinreich

Max Weinreich’s heritage of the Yiddish Language is a vintage of Yiddish scholarship and is the single accomplished scholarly account of the Yiddish language from its foundation to the current. A huge, definitive paintings, heritage of the Yiddish Language demonstrates the integrity of Yiddish as a language, its evolution from different languages, its particular houses, and its versatility and variety in either spoken and written shape. initially released in 1973 in Yiddish by means of the YIVO Institute for Jewish study and in part translated in 1980, it truly is now being released in complete in English for the 1st time. as well as his textual content, Weinreich’s copious references and footnotes also are integrated during this two-volume set.

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In vital Yiddish (not in japanese Yiddish! ) there's the specific distinction [b ~ p] in liber as opposed to lip, [d ~ t] in reyder as opposed to rut (wheel), [g ~ okay] in klugn (mourn) as opposed to kluk. Com pare additionally the time designations (in crucial Yiddish) fineve (five o ’clock), eleve (eleven o ’clock), tsveleve (twelve o ’clock), as opposed to fin(e)f, el(e)f, tsvel(e)f. this alteration from the m iddle o f the note to the top o f the note was once even carried over to the Hebrew part o fY identification d ish (8. 5). 7. 26. 01 Yiddish has types corresponding to ofrt (open), shlofn (sleep), s h if (ship), tsayt (time), zetsn (seat), vaser (water), fa s (barrel), nets (net), makhn (make), ikh (I), milkh (milk), tokhter (daughter), zayt (side), intestine (good). T h e thesis that, with admire to the second one consonant shift the Germ an part o f Yiddish follows excessive Germ an and never Low Germ an, is basically right. (This is continually proven regardless o f the half o f the Germ an part taken. ) O n ly within the case o f the labials does the thesis now not carry. Yiddish has fu n t (pound), epl (apple), kop (head) opposed to M H G pfunt, apfel, kopf, and N H G Pfund, A pfel, Kopf. T h e /p/ in epl, kop is going the w ay o f Low Germ an, and the /f/ in fu n t is diverse back (7. 30, 7. forty two. 3). In examining concrete Yiddish fabric we will have social gathering to debate different evidence within the Germ an part that remind us o f Low Germ an. however it needs to be borne in brain that it truly is unsuitable to spot “ excessive G erm an” with the N H G typical language. As for /pf/ ~ the northern Ip l, this usual language follows not just basic excessive Germ an yet U pper Germ an. a number of Low Germ an qualities also are to be present in the northern half o f H igh G erm an, that's, in crucial Germ an. consequently it truly is more secure to name the Low Germ an components detected within the Germ an part o fY identification d ish , with much less specificity, northern parts. T h ey may have come at once from the significant Germ an (in distinction T h e Linguistic D eterm inants 437 to the U pper German) proportion within the Germ an determinant. “ can have com e” and never “ have com c” can be a truly priceless precaution, for it's also achieveable that yes proof within the Germ an part, even supposing just like yes proof in Germ an, must be ascribed to a later Yiddish improvement (7. 30. 1, 7. 31). This particular improvement is obviously obvious within the mirrored image o f the M iddle Germ an neutralization o f consonants (7. 26) within the Germ an part o fY identification d ish . Yiddish doesn't have this neutralization as a common phenomenon; regularly the oppositions /p t okay ~ b d g/ bring up doubtless. In Yiddish they're explicitly separate sequence o f pheno­ mena. I f this separateness be the outcome o f a coterritorial Germ a power, the resource o f the impact must be sought in a single o f the subsequent components: at the southern rim o f U pper G erm an; in huge elements o f the Low Germ an territory; within the sector round Cologne; in Silesia. yet none o f those conjectures holds within the mild o f cost heritage.

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