Dorchester Abbey, Oxfordshire: The Archaeology and Architecture of a Cathedral, Monastery and Parish Church

By Warwick Rodwell

Dorchester-on-Thames and its abbey were matters of antiquarian curiosity for greater than 450 years, and through that time a lot has been written approximately them. they're, in spite of the fact that, nonetheless faraway from being comprehensively studied and recorded. certainly, the so much vast architectural description of the medieval church was once written as some time past as 1845, and a thoroughgoing reappraisal has lengthy been past due. during this significant new learn at the origins, background and structure of Dorchester Abbey, Warwick Rodwell assembles a major volume of fabric from observations in the course of fix and conservation and data derived from archaeological excavation, in addition to the unforeseen discovery of formerly unstudied and unpublished topographical and architectural fabric, housed in different documents. the quantity is divided into components: the 1st includes an account of the archaeology of the location and the architectural improvement of the abbey, whereas the second one includes a sequence of special notes and observations at the current constitution, its fittings and furniture.

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Eighty four See specially Ayers, 1991. eighty five Newton, 1979. 86 pointed out by way of Stukeley in 1736 (Bodl. , Gough Maps, 26, f. 42B(c)), and released in Gough, 1789, 307. Stukeley refers to either patterned tiles and ‘little triangular bits with borders’. no matter if he used to be describing traditional paving utilizing bands of diagonally-cut half-tiles (i. e. triangles), or to actual mosaic paintings, is uncertain. within the early nineteenth century, the chancel used to be nonetheless ‘paved with glazed tiles, in the rails’ (Brewer, 1813, 376). 87 lots of the items are assembled in a strip lower than the arcade in bay 2 of the south nave aisle; a couple of others are scattered within the ground of the nave. 88 entire tiles from Dorchester are within the British Museum: Eames, 1980, cat. nos 11,419 and 11,420. One tile is from the Penn manufacturing facility, the opposite from a Wessex resource. 89 For the earliest learn of medieval ground tiles in Oxfordshire, see Church, 1845 (Dorchester, pls 18 and 19). For a fuller directory of the Dorchester tiles, see Haberly, 1937, pls 1, three, 15, 20, 22, 26, 29, 31, 32, forty two, forty three, forty four, fifty one, fifty four, fifty seven, seventy seven, 188, 238, 242, and fragment ‘X’ on p. 304. ninety Keyser, 1883, 87–8; Tristram, 1955, 165–6; lengthy, 1972, ninety five; Ballantyne, 2003. ninety one Addington, 1845, 12; Keyser, 1883, 87–8; Tristram, 1955, 165–6. ninety two Ballantyne, 2006. ninety three Brewer, 1813, 376; The Ecclesiologist, five (1846), 24. ninety four Ballantyne, 2003; 2006 ninety five Stonor, 1952. ninety six Bertram, 2000, nos 2, eight, nine, eleven, 12, 15, sixteen. See right here monuments M. three, M. 7, M. thirteen, M. 19, M. 20 and M. 21. ninety seven VCH, 1907, 88. ninety eight Steeply pitched roofs on many church buildings have been reduced within the past due heart a while and lined with sheet lead, and it was once no longer unusual for the apices of huge home windows to be truncated within the procedure, as is the case with the rose within the east window at Dorchester. the truth that a few inner illustrations express 18th-century trusses over the chancel (Fig. 102) doesn't turn out that the pitch of the roof used to be no longer decreased at a miles past date. ninety nine Ballantyne, 2006. a hundred Roberts, 1993b; Rosewell, 2008, fig. 188. one hundred and one box, 1909. 102 Bond and Tiller, 2005, fig. 21. 103 Bertram, 2000, nos 17–19, 21–25, 28, 29, 31–33. See right here monuments M. 1, M. 2, M. four, M. eight, M. eleven, M. 12, M. 15, M. 15a, M. 17, M. 18, M. 22 and M. 23. 104 For a precis catalogue of the extant and misplaced monuments, see Bertram, 2000. bankruptcy eight After the Dissolution: Architectural heritage of the Parish Church, 1536–1844 LATER 16th CENTURY The Augustinian abbey was once dissolved in 1536, and its houses appropriated by means of the Crown. The monastic constructions, except for the church, have been bought to Sir Edmund Ashfield of Ewelme (Oxon. ) in 1544. The jap arm of the church used to be bought by way of Richard Beauforest for �140. In an act of serious public spiritedness, Beauforest bequeathed his a part of the church to the townspeople, who have been already in ownership of the nave. In as far as we all know, SS Peter and Paul henceforth grew to become the one parish church of Dorchester, and the destiny of the opposite 3 to which Leland made reference isn't really identified (and their parochial prestige might be questionable): they have been most likely switched over to household use.

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