By Parag Khanna
From the visionary bestselling writer of The moment global and find out how to Run the area comes a bracing and authoritative advisor to a destiny formed much less by means of nationwide borders than by way of worldwide provide chains, a global during which the main hooked up powers—and people—will win.
Connectivity is the main innovative strength of the twenty-first century. Mankind is reengineering the planet, making an investment as much as ten trillion cash consistent with 12 months in transportation, strength, and communications infrastructure linking the world’s burgeoning megacities jointly. This has profound outcomes for geopolitics, economics, demographics, the surroundings, and social identification. Connectivity, no longer geography, is our destiny.
In Connectography, visionary strategist Parag Khanna travels from Ukraine to Iran, Mongolia to North Korea, Pakistan to Nigeria, and around the Arctic Circle and the South China Sea to give an explanation for the quick and exceptional alterations affecting every little thing of the planet. He exhibits how militaries are deployed to guard offer chains up to borders, and the way international locations are much less at battle over territory than engaged in tugs-of-war over pipelines, railways, transport lanes, and net cables. the recent hands race is to connect with the main markets—a race China is now profitable, having introduced a wave of infrastructure investments to unite Eurasia round its new Silk Roads. the USA can merely regain floor by means of fusing with its friends right into a super-continental North American Union of shared assets and prosperity.
Connectography deals a distinct and hopeful imaginative and prescient for the long run. Khanna argues that new strength discoveries and applied sciences have eradicated the necessity for source wars; bold shipping corridors and tool grids are unscrambling Africa’s fraught colonial borders; even the Arab international is evolving a extra peaceable map because it builds source and exchange routes throughout its war-torn panorama. while, thriving hubs corresponding to Singapore and Dubai are injecting dynamism into younger and seriously populated areas, cyber-communities empower trade throughout monstrous distances, and the world’s ballooning monetary resources are being properly invested into construction an inclusive worldwide society. underneath the chaos of a global that looks to be falling aside is a brand new beginning of connectivity pulling it together.
Praise for Connectography
“Incredible . . . With the area quickly altering and urbanizing, [Khanna’s] proposals will be the way to confront a appreciably various future.”—The Washington Post
“Clear and coherent . . . a well-researched account of ways businesses are weaving ever extra advanced offer chains that pull the area jointly whilst they squeeze out inefficiencies. . . . [He] has succeeded in demonstrating that the forces of globalization are winning.”—Adrian Woolridge, The Wall highway Journal
“Bold . . . With an eye fixed for bright info, Khanna has . . . produced a fascinating geopolitical travelogue.”—Foreign Affairs
“For those that worry that the area is turning into too inward-looking, Connectography is a clean, positive vision.”—The Economist
“Connectivity has develop into a easy human correct, and provides each person in the world the chance to supply for his or her kin and give a contribution to our shared destiny. Connectography charts the way forward for this hooked up world.”—Marc Andreessen, normal associate, Andreessen Horowitz
“Khanna’s scholarship and foresight are world-class. A must-read for the following president.”—Chuck Hagel, former U.S. secretary of defense
Quick preview of Connectography: Mapping the Future of Global Civilization PDF
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Additional info for Connectography: Mapping the Future of Global Civilization
Citizenship or everlasting residency (“green cards”). A checklist 9 million americans now dwell in a foreign country: they've got voted with their ft and wallets, looking a greater caliber of lifestyles, particularly decrease taxes and higher paintings possibilities, outdoor the us. while being American turns into a legal responsibility, American businesses take flight to boot, uprooting themselves and their gains. As of 2014, a checklist $5 trillion in funds was once being held in a foreign country via U. S. businesses heading off excessive repatriation taxes and as an alternative investment in a foreign country mergers, company relocations, and proportion buybacks that additional insulate them from American regulatory strain. the US used to symbolize the richest, most secure, such a lot technologically complicated society on this planet. yet one should not confuse the fortuitous blend of situations with future. a lot of what used to be actual for the interval after international battle II needn't carry for much longer. last the world’s pivotal superpower promises merely that the USA has preserved its empire, now not that its process and lifestyle have triumphed. certainly, contemporary years have uncovered either the fragility of America’s worldwide prestige and the efficacy of its governance version. either will remain significantly proven within the a long time forward as the USA turns into much more depending on overseas funding from and exports to a similar emerging powers, monetary facilities, and company hubs that compete with it in international markets. think this rosy situation of 2020: America’s army is usually anchored at domestic after 20 years of overseas coverage mess ups, extra oil and gasoline is captured from shale deposits than is produced by way of Russia and Iran, and California’s tech titans produce leap forward purposes that propel the world’s first trillion-dollar corporation. The financial system cruises at a gentle three percentage progress fee, and extra inclusive personal loan criteria let a checklist 70 percentage of usa citizens to possess their very own houses. Does restored development suggest that americans and companies go back domestic with their funds and loyalty? Does the power increase in Texas and the Dakotas suggest that wealth is shared with depressed states? Does a thriving know-how region suggest that sufficient american citizens are certified for the easiest jobs? The solutions to those questions will show even if the US rises as an entire or no matter if it degenerates right into a tragedy of the commons, even if it in basic terms maintains as an exceptional yet crumbling empire or restores itself as a really usa. something is needless to say: within the hypercompetitive provide chain global, simply being American is not any longer adequate. The 2013 financial disaster of Detroit, as soon as America’s richest urban, was once now not only an occasion yet a symptom of the truth that dwelling in a world-class aggressive state doesn’t guarantee the competitiveness of the town. America’s unraveling—by which a few towns, businesses, and groups thrive whereas others languish—is symptomatic of its devolutionary developments, either optimistic and unfavourable. long island, Miami, Dallas, la, San Francisco, Chicago, Boston, and Atlanta are nationwide anchors, local magnets, or even worldwide hubs to varied levels.