Heidegger. Les femmes, le nazisme et la philosophie

By Alain Badiou, Barbara Cassin

Heidegger est l’objet, ou l’enjeu, singulièrement en France, d’une polémique permanente. D’un côté ceux qui, installés dans le culte du Penseur, nient catégoriquement que quoi que ce soit, dans sa vie comme dans sa philosophie, ait entretenu un rapport quelconque avec le nazisme. De l’autre ceux pour qui Heidegger a été de half en half un idéologue du nazisme, voire l’inspirateur, aussi actif que mystery, de ses pires facets, et, du coup, est totalement discrédité comme philosophe.

Barbara Cassin et Alain Badiou ont toujours pensé, à partir d’expériences personnelles et d’orientations de pensée singulièrement différentes, que cette polémique était mal centrée. Leur place, au fond très easy, est qu’il faut accepter le paradoxe suivant : oui, Heidegger a été un nazi, pas un nazi de première significance, un nazi ordinaire, un petit bourgeois nazi de province.

Oui, Heidegger est sans aucun doute un des philosophes les plus importants du XXe siècle.

Ce texte, qui devait à l’origine introduire une édition de l. a. correspondance choisie d’Heidegger et de sa femme – un projet interdit par les ayants droit –, traite non seulement du paradoxe du grand philosophe égaré dans le nazisme, mais aussi d’un element très frappant de cette correspondance, à savoir le rapport du même grand philosophe aux femmes. A sa femme Elfride, naturellement, mais aussi à bien d’autres dont au cours de sa longue vie il a été l’amant. On a là une determine de couple tourmenté et indestructible, qui apparaît comme une réplique provinciale et allemande au couple Sartre-Beauvoir.

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The Arcades Project

By Walter Benjamin

"To nice writers," Walter Benjamin as soon as wrote, "finished works weigh lighter than these fragments on which they exertions their complete lives." Conceived in Paris in 1927 and nonetheless in development while Benjamin fled the career in 1940, The Arcades Project (in German, Das Passagen-Werk) is a huge wreck, meticulously developed over the process 13 years--"the theater," as Benjamin referred to as it, "of all my struggles and all my ideas."

Focusing at the arcades of nineteenth-century Paris-glass-roofed rows of retailers that have been early facilities of consumerism--Benjamin offers a montage of quotations from, and reflections on, 1000's of released resources, arranging them in thirty-six different types with descriptive rubrics akin to "Fashion," "Boredom," "Dream City," "Photography," "Catacombs," "Advertising," "Prostitution," "Baudelaire," and "Theory of Progress." His vital preoccupation is what he calls the commodification of things--a method during which he locates the decisive shift to the fashionable age.

The Arcades Project is Benjamin's attempt to symbolize and to critique the bourgeois adventure of nineteenth-century background, and, in so doing, to free up the suppressed "true heritage" that underlay the ideological masks. within the bustling, cluttered arcades, highway and inside merge and historic time is damaged up into kaleidoscopic distractions and screens of ephemera. the following, at a distance from what's regularly intended via "progress," Benjamin reveals the misplaced time(s) embedded within the areas of things.

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Jacques Rancière: Key Concepts

Even if quite unknown a decade in the past, the paintings of Jacques Ranciere is quickly changing into a principal reference within the humanities and social sciences. His considering brings a clean, leading edge method of many fields, particularly the research of labor, schooling, politics, literature, movie, artwork, in addition to philosophy. this is often the 1st, full-length advent to Ranciere's paintings and covers the total diversity of his contribution to modern inspiration, featuring in transparent, succinct chapters the foremost options Ranciere has built in his writings over the past 40 years. scholars new to Ranciere will locate this paintings obtainable and entire, an awesome advent to this significant philosopher. For readers already conversant in Ranciere, the in-depth research of every key suggestion, written through major students, should still supply an amazing reference.

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The Realistic Empiricism of Mach, James, and Russell: Neutral Monism Reconceived

By Erik C. Banks

Within the early 20th century, Ernst Mach, William James, and Bertrand Russell based a philosophical and medical stream referred to as 'neutral monism', in accordance with the view that minds and actual items are developed out of components or occasions that are neither psychological nor actual, yet impartial among the 2. This circulation bargains a unified medical outlook along with sensations in human adventure and occasions on the planet of physics below one roof. during this booklet Erik C. Banks discusses this crucial circulation as an entire for the 1st time. He explores the ways that the 3 philosophers will be attached, and applies their principles to modern difficulties within the philosophy of brain and the philosophy of technological know-how - particularly the relation of sensations to mind techniques, and the matter of making prolonged our bodies in house and time from specific occasions and causal family.

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Debt: The First 5,000 Years

By David Graeber

Before there has been cash, there has been debt

each economics textbook says an analogous factor: cash used to be invented to switch laborious and complex barter systems—to relieve historical humans from having to haul their items to industry. the matter with this model of background? There’s now not a shred of proof to help it.

Here anthropologist David Graeber offers a beautiful reversal of traditional knowledge. He indicates that for greater than 5,000 years, because the beginnings of the 1st agrarian empires, people have used problematic credits structures to shop for and promote goods—that is, lengthy prior to the discovery of cash or funds. it truly is during this period, Graeber argues, that we additionally first come upon a society divided into borrowers and collectors.

Graeber indicates that arguments approximately debt and debt forgiveness were on the heart of political debates from Italy to China, in addition to sparking innumerable insurrections. He additionally brilliantly demonstrates that the language of the traditional works of legislation and religion (words like “guilt,” “sin,” and “redemption”) derive largely from historical debates approximately debt, and form even our most simple rules of correct and improper. we're nonetheless combating those battles this day with no realizing it.

Debt: the 1st 5,000 Years is a desirable chronicle of this little identified history—as good as the way it has outlined human background, and what it skill for the credits concern of the current day and the way forward for our financial system.

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In the Beginning Was the Deed: Realism and Moralism in Political Argument

By Bernard Williams

Bernard Williams is remembered as the most wonderful and unique philosophers of the earlier fifty years. greatly revered as an ethical thinker, Williams started to write approximately politics in a sustained manner within the early Nineteen Eighties. There a flow of articles, lectures, and different significant contributions to problems with public concern--all complemented through his many works on ethics, that have vital implications for political theory.

This new selection of essays, so much of them formerly unpublished, addresses a few of the middle matters of political philosophy: justice, liberty, and equality; the character and which means of liberalism; toleration; energy and the terror of energy; democracy; and the character of political philosophy itself. A valuable subject all through is that political philosophers have to have interaction extra at once with the realities of political existence, now not easily with the theories of alternative philosophers. Williams makes this argument partly via a looking out exam of the place political considering should still originate, to whom it would be addressed, and what it may deliver.

Williams had meant to weave those essays right into a attached narrative on political philosophy with reflections on his personal event of postwar politics. unfortunately he didn't stay to accomplish it, yet this booklet brings jointly a lot of its elements. Geoffrey Hawthorn has prepared the fabric to resemble as heavily as attainable Williams's unique layout and imaginative and prescient. He has supplied either an advent to Williams's political philosophy and a bibliography of his formal and casual writings on politics.

Those who understand the paintings of Bernard Williams will locate right here the common hallmarks of his writing--originality, readability, erudition, and wit. those who find themselves surprising with, or unconvinced by way of, a philosophical method of politics, will locate this an enticing creation. either will come upon a completely unique voice in smooth political idea and a looking method of the form and course of liberal political suggestion some time past thirty-five years.

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The Cambridge History of Philosophy 1870-1945

Comprising over sixty specifically commissioned essays by way of specialists at the philosophy of this era, this anthology is designed to be obtainable to non-specialists. the 1st half lines the historical past of philosophy from its striking flowering within the 1870s via to the early years of the 20 th century. After a short dialogue of the 1st international War's influence, the second one half describes extra advancements throughout the first half the 20 th century.

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Classical Philosophy: A Contemporary Introduction (Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy)

Classical Philosophy is a entire exam of early philosophy from the presocratics via to Aristotle. the purpose of the booklet is to supply a proof and research of the tips that flourished at the present and considers their relevance either to the old improvement of philosophy and to modern philosophy this present day. From those rules we will be able to see the roots of arguments in metaphysics, epistemology, ethics and political philosophy.
The publication is prepared in 4 components via philosopher and covers:
The Presocratics Socrates Plato Aristotle Christopher Shields' variety is inviting, clean and perfect for a person coming to the topic for the 1st time. He presents a balanced account of the relevant themes and concepts that emerged from the interval and contains invaluable additional analyzing and bankruptcy overviews.

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