Cyberculture Theorists: Manuel Castells and Donna Haraway (Routledge Critical Thinkers)

By David Bell

This e-book surveys a ‘cluster’ of works that search to discover the cultures of our on-line world, the net and the data society. It introduces key principles, and contains specific dialogue of the paintings of 2 key thinkers during this region, Manuel Castells and Donna Haraway, in addition to outlining the advance of cyberculture reports as a box. to do that, the ebook additionally explores chosen ‘moments’ during this improvement, from the early Nineties, whilst our on-line world and cyberculture have been merely simply starting to come jointly as rules, as much as the current day, while the sphere of cyberculture reviews has grown and bloomed, generating leading edge theoretical and empirical paintings from a range of standpoints.  Key themes include:

  • life at the screen
  • network society
  • space of flows
  • cyborg methods.

Cyberculture Theorists is the excellent start line for somebody desirous to know the way to theorise cyberculture in all its myriad forms.

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Vers la sobriété heureuse

By Pierre Rabhi

Pierre Rabhi a vingt ans à los angeles fin des années 1950, lorsqu'il décide de se soustraire, par un retour à l. a. terre, à l. a. civilisation hors sol qu'ont commencé à dessiner sous ses yeux ce que l'on nommera plus tard les Trente Glorieuses. En France, il contemple un triste spectacle : aux champs comme à l'usine, l'homme est invité à accepter une forme d'anéantissement group of workers à seule fin que tourne l. a. laptop économique. L'économie ? Au lieu de gérer et répartir les ressources communes à l'humanité en déployant une imaginative and prescient à lengthy terme, elle s'est contentée, dans sa recherche de croissance illimitée, d'élever l. a. prédation au rang de technology. Le lien viscéral avec los angeles nature est rompu ; cette dernière n'est plus qu'un gisement de ressources à exploiter - et à épuiser. Au fil des expériences, une évidence s'impose : seul le choix de l. a. modération de nos besoins et désirs, le choix d'une sobriété libératrice et volontairement consentie, permettra de rompre avec cet ordre anthropophage appelé "mondialisation". Ainsi pourrons-nous remettre l'humain et los angeles nature au coeur de nos préoccupations, et redonner enfin au monde légèreté et saveur.

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Husserl (The Routledge Philosophers)

By David Woodruff Smith

This moment version of David Woodruff Smith’s stimulating advent to Husserl has been absolutely up-to-date and incorporates a new 9th bankruptcy that includes modern matters confronting Husserl’s phenomenology. It introduces the full of Edmund Husserl’s inspiration, demonstrating his impact on philosophy of brain and language, on ontology and epistemology, in addition to moral concept, and on philosophy of good judgment, arithmetic, and science.

Starting with an summary of Husserl’s existence and works, and his position in twentieth-century philosophy and in Western philosophy as an entire, Smith introduces Husserl’s perception of phenomenology, explaining Husserl’s cutting edge theories of intentionality, objectivity, subjectivity, and intersubjectivity. In next chapters Smith covers Husserl’s good judgment, metaphysics, realism and transcendental idealism, epistemology, and (meta)ethics. eventually, the writer assesses the importance and implications of Husserl’s paintings for modern philosophy of brain and cognitive science.

Also incorporated is a timeline, word list, and broad feedback for extra studying, making Husserl, second version, crucial interpreting for a person drawn to phenomenology, twentieth-century philosophy, and the continued effect of this eminent philosopher.

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Scottish Philosophy in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries (History Of Scottish Philosophy)

A historical past of Scottish Philosophy is a sequence of collaborative stories, each one quantity being dedicated to a selected interval. jointly they supply a finished account of the Scottish philosophical culture, from the centuries that laid the basis of the outstanding burst of highbrow fertility referred to as the Scottish Enlightenment, throughout the Victorian age and past, whilst it endured to workout strong highbrow effect at domestic and overseas. The
books goal to be traditionally informative, whereas even as helping renew philosophical curiosity within the issues of which the Scottish philosophers grappled, and within the recommendations they proposed.

This quantity covers the background of Scottish philosophy after the Enlightenment interval, throughout the 19th and 20th centuries. major specialists discover the lives and paintings of significant figures together with Thomas Brown, William Hamilton, J. F. Ferrier, Alexander Bain, John Macmurray, and George Davie, and deal with vital advancements within the interval from the Scottish reception of Kant and Hegel to the unfold of Scottish philosophy in Europe, the USA and Australasia, and the relation of Common
Sense philosophy and American pragmatism. A concluding bankruptcy investigates the character and id of a 'Scottish philosophical tradition'.

General Editor: Gordon Graham, Princeton Theological Seminary

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Philosophy Imprisoned: The Love of Wisdom in the Age of Mass Incarceration

By John Douglas Macready

Western philosophy’s dating with prisons stretches from Plato’s personal incarceration to the fashionable period of mass incarceration. Philosophy Imprisoned: the affection of knowledge within the Age of Mass Incarceration attracts jointly a huge diversity of philosophical thinkers, from either inside and out legal partitions, within the usa and past, who draw on a number of serious views (including phenomenology, deconstruction, and feminist conception) and old and modern figures in philosophy (including Kant, Hegel, Foucault, and Angela Davis) to contemplate prisons during this new old period. All of those participants have reviews inside of legal partitions: a few are or were incarcerated, a few have taught or are educating in prisons, and all were scholars of either philosophy and the carceral approach. The robust testimonials and theoretical arguments are acceptable studying not just for philosophers and felony theorists in most cases, but in addition for legal reformers and abolitionists.

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Substance: Its Nature and Existence (Problems of Philosophy)

By Joshua Hoffman

Substance has been a number one notion within the historical past of Western philosophy. Joshua Hoffman and Gary S. Rosenkrantz clarify the character and life of person ingredients, together with either dwelling issues and inanimate items. in particular written for college kids new to this significant and infrequently advanced topic, Substance presents either the old and modern evaluate of the debate.
Great Philosophers of the previous, corresponding to Aristotle, Descartes, Spinoza, Leibnitz, Locke, and Berkeley have been profoundly drawn to the concept that of substance. And, the authors argue, a trust within the lifestyles of gear is an essential component of our daily global view. yet what constitutes substance? was once Aristotle correct to signify that artefacts like tables and ships do not particularly exist?
Substance: Its Nature and Existence is without doubt one of the first non-technical, available courses to this crucial challenge and should be of serious use to scholars of metaphysics and philosophy.

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Addiction and Responsibility (Philosophical Psychopathology)

Addictive habit threatens not only the addict's happiness and overall healthiness but in addition the welfare and health and wellbeing of others. It represents a lack of self-discipline and numerous different cognitive impairments and behavioral deficits. An addict might say, "I could not support myself." yet questions come up: are we liable for our addictions? And what obligations do others need to support us? This quantity deals quite a number views on habit and accountability and the way the 2 are sure jointly. distinct individuals -- from theorists to clinicians, from neuroscientists and psychologists to philosophers and criminal students -- talk about those questions in essays utilizing quite a few conceptual and investigative instruments.

Some members supply types of addiction-related phenomena, together with theories of incentive sensitization, ego-depletion, and pathological impact; others tackle such conventional philosophical questions as loose will and supplier, mind-body, and different minds. essays, written via students who have been themselves addicts, try to combine first-person phenomenological debts with the third-person viewpoint of the sciences. members distinguish between ethical accountability, obligation, and the moral accountability of clinicians and researchers. Taken jointly, the essays supply a forceful argument that we won't totally comprehend habit if we don't additionally comprehend responsibility.

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Stone, steel, glass: Constructions of time within European modernity

By Christina Lynne Svendsen

The epistemological and philosophical energy of Walter Benjamin's "dialectical snapshot at a standstill" comes from the truth that it crosses summary suggestion with visible pictures or perhaps fabric gadgets. My dissertation seeks to take this system of Benjamin's heavily by utilizing structure because the fabric substance opposed to which to learn his philosophical account of modernity. He defined the Arcades undertaking Adorno as a venture in Geschichtsphilosophie, even supposing superficially his convolutes need to do with mundane gadgets from the 19th century resembling catacombs, arcades, mirrors, ironwork, and paintings Nouveau. in spite of the fact that, Geschichtsphilosophie refers not just to the research of the earlier, yet extra largely to a philosophy of time in its human scope.

I have selected 4 construction typologies that act as versions for the recent information of time within the 20th century. My examine opens with chronologically layered structures, reading those constructions as versions for submerged, forgotten, unofficial, or subconscious stories. in spite of the fact that, modernity is a time of hysteria over rupture with the earlier. My moment bankruptcy for this reason investigates wide awake reminiscence: modem monuments that conscientiously designed websites for the experiential transmission of background. in the meantime, modernity additionally incites us to put out of your mind -- to develop into emancipated from the previous. My 3rd bankruptcy explores the charm of glass: a synthetic substance that's beautiful since it is so tender and tough that it's approximately most unlikely to go away an everlasting hint on it. even though, the glass home is not only releasing yet disorienting. against this, unexpected catastrophic ruins, the focal point of my ultimate bankruptcy, embed the viewer within the complete net of fourth-dimensional time, previous and destiny unexpected ruins are usually elided within the traditional Romantic discourse, which relates ruins to the prior and slow erosion. against this, my learn exhibits that surprising ruins holiday open a fissure which can display a glimpse of a destiny formerly unbelievable in accordance with routine methods of predicting or making plans it. certainly they've got a "weak prophetic power" in an earthly age; they attach us to posterity and make seen a bigger and extra significant temporal context for our lives than just the current.

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Cartesian Reflections: Essays on Descartes's Philosophy

By John Cottingham

John Cottingham explores principal parts of Descartes's wealthy and wide-ranging philosophical approach, together with his money owed of suggestion and language, of freedom and motion, of our dating to the animal area, and of human morality and the behavior of existence. He additionally examines ways that his philosophy has been misunderstood. The Cartesian mind-body dualism that's so frequently attacked is simply part of Descartes's account of what it really is to be a considering, sentient, human creature, and how he makes the department among the psychological and the actual is significantly extra refined, and philosophically extra beautiful, than is mostly assumed. even though Descartes is usually thought of to be one of many heralds of our smooth secular worldview, the 'new' philosophy which he introduced keeps many hyperlinks with the information of his predecessors, now not least within the all-pervasive function it assigns to God (something that's missed or downplayed through many smooth readers); and the nature of the Cartesian outlook is multifaceted, occasionally waiting for Enlightenment principles of human autonomy and self reliant clinical inquiry, but additionally occasionally harmonizing with extra conventional notions of human nature as created to discover fulfilment in concord with its creator.

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The Structure of World History: From Modes of Production to Modes of Exchange

In this significant, paradigm-shifting paintings, Kojin Karatani systematically re-reads Marx's model of global heritage, moving the point of interest of critique from modes of construction to modes of alternate. Karatani seeks to appreciate either Capital-Nation-State, the interlocking method that's the dominant type of smooth international society, and the probabilities for superseding it. In The constitution of global History, he lines assorted modes of trade, together with the pooling of assets that characterizes nomadic tribes, the reward alternate structures constructed after the adoption of fixed-settlement agriculture, the alternate of obedience for cover that arises with the emergence of the nation, the commodity exchanges that represent capitalism, and, eventually, a destiny mode of trade in accordance with the go back of present alternate, albeit converted for the modern second. He argues that this ultimate stage—marking the overcoming of capital, country, and state—is most sensible understood in mild of Kant's writings on everlasting peace. The constitution of global History is in lots of methods the capstone of Karatani's fabulous occupation, but it additionally indications new instructions in his thought.

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